Polish Air Force Mig-29 and Royal Air Force Typhoon jets on Baltic Alert

Polish Fulcrums and British Eurofighter Typhoons provide Baltic Air Policing from Lithuania.

The RAF and the Polish Air Force have taken over the four-month rotation of Baltic Air Policing since the beginning of the month.

The task, usually undertaken with four fighter planes, aims to provide air defense for those NATO member states that have no fighter jets of their own to secure their airspaces: Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.

The RAF has committed to the operation four Typhoon FGR4 aircraft, whereas the Polish Air Force has deployed four Mig-29 Fulcrum fighters. Both contingents operate from Siauliai Air Base, Lithunia, where the two air forces occupy areas located at the opposite ends of the runway.

The aircraft are kept armed and ready to take-off as quickly as possible in what is known Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) service.

NATO planes deployed to Lithuania, are often scrambled to intercept Russian planes flying to/from Kaliningrad oblast, performing long-range missions around Scandinavia and the British Isles, or simply spying in the Baltic.

Tension is quite high in this period: the already frequent close encounters between NATO interceptors and Russian planes have become even more frequent, since Russia invaded Crimea.

On May 15, Mig-29 jets scrambled to intercept two Russian Air Force Su-27s over the Baltic Sea.

RAF pilots taking part in the Baltic Air Policing have already flown QRA missions from the UK, as pilot Flight Lieutenant Tim Pye, a member of 3(Fighter) Squadron who are the lead squadron on the deployment, explained on the RAF website:

“My first interception was of a pair of Russian Tu-22 Backfire bombers approaching UK airspace which was both tense and exciting at the same time. I also scrambled against two Russian Navy Su-27 Flankers launched from an aircraft carrier but on that occasion the fighters turned away as we approached.”

The Polish and Royal Air Force detachments have taken over the task from the U.S. Air Force’s 48th Fighter Wing and their F-15C Eagle aircraft.

Image credit: NATO


About David Cenciotti
David Cenciotti is a journalist based in Rome, Italy. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviationist”, one of the world’s most famous and read military aviation blogs. Since 1996, he has written for major worldwide magazines, including Air Forces Monthly, Combat Aircraft, and many others, covering aviation, defense, war, industry, intelligence, crime and cyberwar. He has reported from the U.S., Europe, Australia and Syria, and flown several combat planes with different air forces. He is a former 2nd Lt. of the Italian Air Force, a private pilot and a graduate in Computer Engineering. He has written five books and contributed to many more ones.


  1. I keep wondering the need for intercepting these flights. I mean, I understand the power projection idea of sending long range bombers flying around, but not much the need to intercept such flights.
    On the other hand, from a military standpoint static air defense provided by long range SAM sites is more effective. A solid lock beamed by a Patriot tracking radar should clarify whose airspace is that at a much cheaper price.
    Come on, it’s XXI century!

    • I think there is some intelligence value though in making visual interceptions, certainly if there were any uncertainty about the identity of the aircraft. e.g. Photographing the aircraft gives information about, presumably, their registration numbers, standard armament configurations and can be used more effectively for PR purposes by the various NATO airforces. I know what you mean though, a missile lock vs £thousands in fuel to send the interceptors up would make a lot more economic sense.

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