Russia to start building its next generation flying wing stealth bomber to replace the Tu-22, Tu-95 and Tu-160 aircraft

Feb 27 2017 - 22 Comments

About four years ago, Russia’s next generation stealth bomber’s conceptual design was given the official approval. Now it looks like there is a go ahead to build the new aircraft.

Developed by the Tupolev Design Bureau since 2009, PAK DA (Advanced Long-Range Aviation Complex) is the new bomber that Russia plans to field starting in 2023 to replace Moscow’s aging fleet of Tu-95 Bear, Tu-22M3 Backfire and Tu-160 Blackjack bombers.

According to the latest update by the state-run Sputnik news media outlet, the new strategic bomber is expected to make its first flight sometime before 2021, with the first deliveries starting a couple of years later even though this seems to be rather optimistic, considered that back in 2013, the plan was for the PAK DA to enter production stage by 2020 with the first bomber in active service by 2025-2030 timeframe.

Anyway, the stealth bomber will be a flying wing design and subsonic: unlike the American X-51, Falcon HTV-2 and other hypersonic development programs on which U.S.’s perspective strike capability could be based, the new Russian bomber will not even be supersonic. The loss in speed will be compensated with advanced stealth, electronic capabilities and an artificial intelligence-guided missile.

“It is impossible to build a missile-carrying bomber invisible to radars and supersonic at the same time. This is why focus is placed on stealth capabilities. The PAK DA will carry AI-guided missiles with a range of up to 7,000 km. Such a missile can analyze the aerial and radio-radar situation and determine its direction, altitude and speed. We’re already working on such missiles,” Russian Aerospace Forces Commander Viktor Bondarev was quoted as saying by the Russian newspaper Rossiskaya Gazeta.

The Russian flying-wing will be capable of carrying air-to-surface and air-to-air missiles as well as conventional and smart-guided bombs. A 2016 report mentioned that the PAK DA was expected to have a range of 6,740 nautical miles. It will also be able to carry 30 tons of weapons.

An unmanned “sixth-generation” strategic bomber based on the PAK-DA that could come around 2040-2050 was also rumored years ago and, based on last year’s statements, Russia has already started working on both 6th and 7th Gen. combat planes.

Still, whether Moscow will be able to operate the new stealthy bomber (and/or a next generation radar-evading 6th or 7th generation tactical plane) in the near/medium future is hard to say.

The optimistic claims surrounding the abilities of the new aircraft types being developed, their sensors and weapons will have to be backed by facts: indeed, unlike the U.S., that have been operating 5th Gen. aircraft (the F-22 and, with more difficulties, the controversial and troubled F-35), stealth aircraft and active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars for years, so far, Russia has not been able to operate a next generation stealth aircraft nor AESA radar system (both ones are still at the testing stage).

Let’s not forget that the 5th generation T-50 PAK-FA has yet to be formally inducted into active service by the Russian Aerospace Forces. Furthermore,  all the most futuristic programs (including the already mentioned F-35) have proved to be subject to various development issues, cost overruns and delays.

As already explained here in the past, Sukhoi might base its 6th Gen. on the PAK-FA and upgrade the design throughout the years similarly to what they have done with the Su-27 and subsequent supermaneuverable Flanker variants up to the Su-35S.

This means that the PAK-FA will probably become a 5++ Gen. thanks to the planned upgrades and be the base for Russia’s 6th Gen. fighter sometime in the future.

Meanwhile, let’s wait for the PAK-DA that seems to be pretty cool based on the concept art you can find on the Internet.

Beware, top image shows PAK-DA concept (credit: militaryrussia.ru via Sputnik News). The artwork can’t be considered an official image and it may not depict the plane as it is intended to be.

  • Ilya Kurenkov

    Top Image shows T-4MS or “Izdeliye 200”, further development of the Sukhoi’s T-4 “Sotka”, which dates back to early 70’s.
    http://testpilot.ru/russia/sukhoi/t/4/ms/t4ms_e.htm

    These models were tested in TSAGI institute some time ago, and research results could be used in PAK DA development
    http://aviation21.ru/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/ryesjw5673.jpg
    http://bastion-karpenko.ru/VVT/PAKDA_150304_01.jpg

    I personally like this speculation
    http://aviation21.ru/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/pakda-820×410.jpg
    http://aviation21.ru/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/pak-da-1.jpg

    • Uniform223

      That looks like you took a Fullback, took off its vertical tails and squished it…

  • Mali King

    Hmmmmm…perhaps the Russians should concentrate on sorting out the PAK FA first !!!!?

    • OR

      No worries this is running in parallel, finalising the engine at the moment.

  • Ilya Kurenkov

    >The Blackjack was just a poorly executed B-1B
    Yeah, largest supersonic aircraft in the world, almost twice faster, better ceiling, greater loadout, of course, that’s just a poor copy.

  • leroy

    They’ll never do it because they don’t have any money. Russia is an impoverished, failed (politically and economically) nation with a GDP less than Brazil’s. And the technology will be far behind that of even the B-2 much less the B-21.

    Watch – 2050 will roll around and the RuAF will still be flying Tu-95s and Tu-22s. Militarily, Russia can only defeat small European non-NATO neighbors. As far as playing in the world of major powers, that is a game Moscow can only dream of participating in. The competition is between China and the U.S. only. Russia will see another 100 years wasted. A new bomber? Don’t hold your breath!

    • OR

      They have done, thing they will do again.. money is just numbers on the paper, what you need – people capable of doing, they have them

  • leroy

    Russian cartoons. Funny. Sukhoi, MiG and Tupolev designers would “fly” more planes working for Electronic Arts! Or perhaps Disney.

    • OR

      Good fun is never bad

    • Ilya Kurenkov

      Well, let’s count a bit. In past few years Russia put into production Su-30SM, Su-35S, Su-34, Yak-130 (shall we call M-346 a poor copy of Yak?), runs modernization programs for MiG-31BM and Tu-95MS, and started trials of Yak-152 primary trainer. Production of modernized Tu-160M2 is to be started in the nearest future. PAK FA starts its evaluation and field testing phase this year. In 2015 Russia produced more fighter planes than US, 2016 was finished with similar figures.
      Do you still think it’s CGI?

      • leroy

        Russia remains 2 – 3 decades behind the West. That’s just plain fact, and has been for a long time. Accept that you will never catch up. Never! I find that a very acceptable state of affairs. So does most of the rest of the world. Don’t live in constant denial. You’re only fooling yourself – no one else.

  • Uniform223

    I would say their Black Jack is a larger, heavier, and faster copy of the B-1B. The Bone as we know it now sacrificed speed to reduce its frontal radar return signature.

  • Uniform223

    You’re correct that the Blackbird had a stealthy design (albeit very early designs). The SR-71 had an impressively small RCS relative to its actual physical size. I dont know the exact figures but something in the area between a clean Viper and a clean Eagle. However the SR-71 flying supersonic would definitely appear on the radar scope. However it’s speed and altitude was its main line of defense and to this day was never successfully intercepted or shot down.

    I would think that if we gave the SR-71 a modern EW suite it would be damn near impossible to intercept or shoot down. 80k feet and at mach 3+ that is still impressive. That girl (officially) still holds the records.

  • Thomas Verhey

    Pak fa become a gen 5++ aircraft?? …. Maybe in 30years

  • Horn

    I wonder if this will disappear as quickly as the PAK TA did.

  • Uniform223

    To me this sounds like it going to be closer to the current B-2 than anything else. I am quite skeptical about these claims. Russian state-run/controlled media like RT and Sputnik have a very long track recorded of puffing up or over exagerating claims on Russian military tech. Well it be as stealthy as the B-2? I would be surprised if it was but I highly doubt it given their effort and progress that they put into their PAKFA.
    The current F-22 and F-35 are VERY stealthy aircraft. According to USAF both those aircraft are more stealthy than the B-2, and the B-2 is already very stealthy. So no, I don’t think/believe the current PAKFA is even in the league of stealth the F-22 and F-35 is in. So given their current record with the PANTS I (currently) doubt the future PAKDA will be as stealthy as the current B-2. I would bet it would be closer to the F-117.

    “unlike the U.S., that have been operating 5th Gen. aircraft (the F-22 and, with more difficulties, the controversial and troubled F-35), stealth aircraft and active electronically scanned array (AESA) radars for years, so far, Russia has not been able to operate a next generation stealth aircraft nor AESA radar system (both ones are still at the testing stage).”

    > That is also correct. Currently no Russian military aircraft (that I know of) has a working AESA radar. It is safe to assume that in this area Russian military tech is still behind that of the US and some Western European countries. Also what about Russia’s next generation engine tech? From my understanding they are hope to be finished and intend to finally test in their PAKFA test models sometime this year. The US has had this type of engine tech since the early 90s in the form of the P&W submission for the ATF that would lead to the F-119 engine seen in the Raptor.

    I would like to point out this claim in the article…
    “It is impossible to build a missile-carrying bomber invisible to radars and supersonic at the same time. This is why focus is placed on stealth capabilities”

    > Maybe for Russia. If I remember correctly the one of the criteria for the LRSB was to have supersonic and some limited supercruise capability. We have seen this type of high-speed capability in early concept designs of the the LRSB contenders and in a released USAF artist concept of the B-21 Raider having steeper wing sweep angles.

    Also exactly how would the PAKFA be a Gen 5++ when it hasn’t even entered service yet?

  • OR

    This creative art picture (back from70th) has nothing to do with the pak-da, see the last paragraph in the article.

  • rats123

    Oh please! The Tu160 is capable of Mach 2 and has a range over 12000kms. That’s without in-flight refueling. B1 on the hand can barely manage Mach 1 and has a 25% shorter ranger than the Tu160.

    The B1 might have been stealthy at one stage but it would glow like a beacon on modern radars. The B1 has nothing on the Tu160.

  • If it is anything like the PAK FA it is going to be hilarious! Won’t be able to do half the things it claims, droves of fans defending the plane, and will have budget issues!

  • Jeterhere

    More likely a heavy bomber with heavy artillery mounted on the wings …

  • Jack___Hole

    The internet is full of stories of grandiose Russian military plans that never happen.

  • Larry J

    The Blackjack has more in common with the B-1A than the B-1B. The B-1A (4 were built) had a reported RCS of 10 square meters and a Mach 2 dash speed. Carter killed it. When Reagan revived the B-1 program, the Air Force went for a lower RCS (reportedly 1 square meter) at the expense of speed.