India's MMRCA fighter jet deal: illusion and disillusion on the losers' side.

Feb 02 2012 - 2 Comments
By Richard Clements

All media outlets have been reporting the various reactions to the news that India is “likely” to award the contract for its MMRCA competition to Dassault as it was the lowest cost bid.

Aviation week’s Robert Wall wrote that the news is “Not going down well in London”.

Although Wall points out that Germany led the Eurofighter campaign, he describes the disapointment amongst British politicians as “palpable”. Indeed, many are complaining under their breath that Britain gives many more times aid to India than France ever has.

British Prime Minister David Cameron had, along with the German Chancellor Angela Merkel, lobbied on behalf of the Eurofighter bid and did have to admit “the decision is obviously disappointing”. In an attempt to quell increasing worries from other members of the British parliament he pointed out that “they have not yet awarded the contract”. Cameron also promised to do all he could to persuade the Indians to take another look at the Typhoon and that job losses in the UK are not expected as a result.

Job losses is also a concern for the other three partners of the Eurofighter consortium, Italy, Germany and Spain each building sections of the jet but doing little to sponsor the aircraft in the Indian contest.

Although Eurofighter was believed to have a more political clout because it was backed by four European countries, lack of a united effort from partners could have been a decisive flaw on the Typhoon side. Those countries that were supposed to unitarily support the F-2000, are the same that in times of financial crisis have been much distant one another on the strategy to save the Eurozone.

Anyway, since everybody is claiming that no contract has been signed yet and 6-8 months of (hard) negotiations lie ahead for Dassault, someone has already tried to raise the stakes.

For instance, in a statement to Reuters, Pentagon spokeswoman Leslie Hull-Ryde said there had been no U.S. offer to sell India the stealthy Lockheed Martin F-35, but Washington would provide information on the jet’s infrastructure and security requirements if India showed interest in purchasing the Joint Strike Fighter. Even if it’s hard to believe the U.S. would give the requested technology transfer on its most (costly) and troubled program,  a contract worth 10 billion USD for 126 planes (with 80 more examples on the shopping list), might spur the Department of Defense to knock on New Dehli’s door with the resolve needed to persuade India to scrap its own 5th generation fighter radar evanding plane in favor of the F-35.

In the meanwhile, boosted by the win in India, Dassault has made a new offer to Switzerland where the Rafale was beaten by the Swedish Gripen in the selection for the Swiss Air Force F-5 replacement.

Let’s see what happens.

Written with The Aviationist’s Editor David Cenciotti

  • Charles Stafrace

    It’s always the same story in India. I remember the Jaguar/Mirage F1 saga in the 1970s, which was more politically complicated because the Mirage was all-French while the Jaguar was Anglo-French.

  • Yawn

    Charles

    The Jaguar was the platform of choice along with second preference to the underrated Swedish Viggen (which supposedly lost out due to a US engine embargo)-the IAF was interested in jaguar since the inception of the project though a signature was delayed in part due to political instability (massive protests and the ‘emergency’). Anglo-French politics was never really a decisive factor with the Jaguar since the IAF was allowed to use French content on it.

    Regarding the Eurofighter, the best thing the consortium members can do is some soul searching. You are doing terrible marketing to claim something is the ‘best fighter’ around if you are always trying to cut numbers and have made no effort to fund upgrades.

    All these media reports show a very warped understanding of how things work in India-the Indian government is not a monolithic force which will be influenced by David Cameron or anyone else. Domestic Indian compulsions (Opposition politics, coalition compulsions, interest groups among the military/bureaucracy) are all a factor which negates international pressure. The only realistic chance for the EF is if L1 negotiations with the Rafale collapse.