Canada about to cancel F-35 purchase. Leading to a “death spiral” of order cuts?

War veteran CF-18 Hornet multi-role fighters, heading into their fourth decade of service and due to be retired by 2020 might need to extend their service life a little bit. Or find another replacement.

This is what emerges from reports being published since Dec. 6, when the news of a possible program cancellation spread on almost all the Canadian media outlets.

Needless to say, the problem that would bring the federal government to axe the planned purchase is the stratospheric price of the controversial F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, the plane that was initially scheduled to take over the roles fulfilled by the Royal Canadian Air Force‘s Hornets.

Delays and cost overruns have raised the projected unit price from 75 million to 133 million USD, even if, in February 2012, Italian head of the agency that is responsible for the procurement of new armaments said that the unit price will be around 70 million each (Lockheed Martin estimated 65M USD for the F-35A and about 73M USD for the F-35B), less than the 79 million USD currently paid for the Eurofighter Typhoon and much less of the 121 million USD per aircraft anticipated in 2011.

Anyway, based on information coming from Canada, the fluctuating pricetag for 65 planes could bring the overall projected cost between 30 and $40 billion (depending on sources of the leaks and assumed life cycle) whereas Canada’s Prime Minister Stephen Harper and Defence Minister Peter MacKay have already stated that they are not willing to spend more than $9 billion for the F-35, according to Huffington Post Canada.

Image credit: Lockheed Martin

Although media reports have been denied by Canada’s Prime Minister’s Office, what’s certain is that every canceled plane will increase the costs of the remainder making their unit price if not unaffordable, less affordable.

Unit price depends also on the foreign sales. U.S. have commitments from allies to buy as many as 500 jets. Last year, The Economist warned that the program is in danger of slipping into the “death spiral” where increasing unit costs would lead to cuts in number of ordered plane, leading to further costs that would boost order cuts.

Dealing with the CF-18 replacement, as Business Insider’s Robert Johnson wrote:

“And let’s be honest, pretty much everything else out there is a comparative bargain to the JSF. Acquisition specialists will certainly start with Boeing’s Super Hornet, Dassault’s Rafale, Saab’s Gripen, and the Eurofighter Typhoon to replace the CF-18 fleet.”

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About David Cenciotti
David Cenciotti is a journalist based in Rome, Italy. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviationist”, one of the world’s most famous and read military aviation blogs. Since 1996, he has written for major worldwide magazines, including Air Forces Monthly, Combat Aircraft, and many others, covering aviation, defense, war, industry, intelligence, crime and cyberwar. He has reported from the U.S., Europe, Australia and Syria, and flown several combat planes with different air forces. He is a former 2nd Lt. of the Italian Air Force, a private pilot and a graduate in Computer Engineering. He has written five books and contributed to many more ones.


  1. An amazing amount of aviation Ignoranti comments here. Truly some clueless folks who seem to think reading a Toronto Star editorial means they know a lot about modern military avaition.

    No wonder Canadian journalists can invent the crap they come up with on the F-35. They are preaching to a clueless choir.

    • All over the internet there seems to be a lot of people claiming they know this or that, comparing top secret products to eachother with information you’d find on google. The fact is, that very few people would ever be able to know the true capabilities of two of the machines in this business. Unless you’re a really good spy

  2. I’m just fascinated that the Canadian gov’t was able to make this decision without really looking into the competition, not really knowing what you’d get or how the competition would hold up compared to it. Perhaps now there will be a (hopefully fair, but I’m doubtful) open race to prove that (or if) other machines “match up to the mighty F-35” in ability, price and gains for Canada. If the Canadian taxpayer is expected to foot the bill for this party at least their gov’t should be honest with what they’re choosing exactly and why. It’s not even like Canada is supporting a domestic industry.

    • The fancy pants F-35 couldn’t win a dogfight against a P-51 Mustang.
      Just seems like it’s doing nothing but lining the pockets of the executives of Lockheed/ Martin.

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