The Sukhoi Su-27 became famous all around the world for doing an aerobatic maneuver, named after the Soviet test pilot Viktor Pugachev, who performed it publicly in 1989 at the Paris Le Bourget air show: the “Pugachev’s Cobra” (or simply “Cobra”).
In a Cobra, the plane suddenly raises the nose to the veritical position (or beyond) before dropping it back to the normal flight, maintaining more or less the same altitude through the entire maneuver.
Image credit: Wiki
The Cobra, that can be somehow useful during a dogfight to suddenly slow down the speed (more or less as Maverick does in Top Gun movie), is not only performed by the Su-27 and subsequent variants: even the Mig-29 and the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor are capable to perform such maneuver, with the latter highly facilitated by thrust vectoring engines.
Actually not only modern thrust vectoring or canard control surfaces give a plane the pitch control authority required to perform the Cobra. Indeed, quite surprisingly, even the Saab J35 Draken, a fighter plane manufactured in the ’50s (and retired from active service in 2005) could be perform the Cobra as the following video (that has been around for a few years but was revived on FB lately) shows:
Most modern planes with thrust vectoring are capable to perform an even more effective and spectacular maneuver: the Kulbit.
- A Sukhoi Su-27. At Creech Air Force Base, Nevada. (theaviationist.com)
- Don’t get on a Sukhoi Su-27 without wearing this: Russian (and China’s Air Force) long range underwear (theaviationist.com)
- Russian Sukhoi Su-27s + Iranian F-14s + Iranian F-4s = the most exotic formation ever! (theaviationist.com)
- Video: Algerian Air Force Sukhoi Su-30MKA refueling frpm Il-78 Midas (theaviationist.com)