In order to preserve their stealthiness and keep the RCS (Radar Cross Section) as low as possible, radar-evading planes rely on weapons bay: bombs and missiles to be fired are kept inside the bays until it’s time to use them.
For instance, the F-35 can carry one AIM-120D (AIM-120C8), on a trapeze : when needed, the BVR (Beyond Visual Range) missile is lowered into the airstream on the open bomb bay door, and ejected.
F-22 Raptors use canted trapeze to put the AIM-9 Sidewinder seeker into the airstream to achieve a lock on the target as the side bay doors are open.
Image credit: U.S. Air Force
Once the missile is fired, the bay doors close up.
Obviously, such method requires the stealth plane to fly with the open bay doors for a certain amount of time, a condition that can limit the aircraft performance, maneuverability, and increases the overall plane’s RCS, with a temporary exposure of the aircraft to the enemy radars.
Something that can be quite lethal in a Within Visual Range scenario.
The problem is to be partly solved with the use of missiles featuring the Lock On After Launch capability. With this kind of missile (available on the Raptor when the AIM-9M will be replaced by the AIM-9X Block II) the bay doors remain open just the time it is needed to eject the missile into the airstream.
However, China might have found a clever solution to the problem, as the latest images of the J-20 Mighty Dragon stealth fighter jet, emerging from the Chinese Internet, seem to suggest.
Indeed, the second prototype of the aircraft features a missile deployment device on the side weapons bay which extracts the selected air-to-air missile and then closes the door to keep the reduced RCS.
Simpler and probably cheaper than the use of LOAL missiles, the J-20’s deployment device shows that Chinese engineers are not simply copying U.S. tech: if not improving it, they are at least troubleshooting some of the issues already faced by their American counterparts, with some clever ideas.
Graphs from Chinese forums
The missile launch rail was used to carry the PL-10 IR air-to-air missile during tests.
Anyway, it’s worth noticing that along with AIM-9X missiles, the F-22 pilots will receive Scorpion HMCS (Helmet Mounted Cueing Systems) that will be particularly useful in case of dogfight. There are no information about similar helmets being fielded to Chinese fighter planes.
Just to clarify……the AIM-9 and AIM-120 are rail launched and not “ejected” like the AIM-7 and AIM-54 were. The thrust of the rocket motor flies it off the launcher rail. Fascinating article on the progress of Chinese espinoge in their attempts to field new aircraft.
The AIM-120 can be ejector launched.
I was referring to the F-35 and F-22 as the article referenced those two specific U.S. aircraft. Yes, the AIM-120 can be ejector launched as I loaded quite a few in my Navy days on F/A-18s and the LAU-116s before I joined the Air Force. I tried to keep my comment within the context of the article.
Interesting idea, and even more interesting that you took that as an “improvement” on US technology. Door closed or door open – a missile hanging on the outside of the aircraft is returning a HUGE RCS.
IMO anything that can solve a problem in a fast and cheap way is an improvement of a previous tech suffering that problem.
Anyway, an open door with a hanging missile returns a higher RCS and, above all, I’d rather maneuver with closed doors in a dogfight
Yeah but now that they’ve developed the “lock on after launch” tech, I don’t see them just forgetting about that later. It’s a pretty big flexibility. The next US fighter may require a weapons bay that can close with the missile outside like this though for sure.
I’m an eager reader of Ty’s work. And he’s a loyal reader of The Aviationist. We have been contributing with each other for many months as you may have noticed by the amount of cross links.
Why does the header say “.. improve U.S. technology”? It is clear that the two systems are completely different. From a mechanical, stealth and dog fighting standpoint the Chinese designed J20 missile launch system is superior to the US designed one.