Take A Look At These Rare Photos Of NATO Fighters Intercepting Soviet Tu-95RT Bear-D During The Cold War

The WSO of an F-4J from VF-84 taking shots of a Tu-142 over the Atlantic. Archive of Dmitriy Filonenko via Dmitriy Ermolin.

Extremely interesting shots taken by the Soviet  aircrews during Cold War intercepts.

The Tu-95RT Bear-D variant performed a maritime surveillance and over-the-horizon targeting mission for other aircraft, surface ships and submarines. It was identifiable by a large bulge under the fuselage, which reportedly housed a radar antenna that was used to search for and detect surface ships. Decommissioned in the 1990s, they were based at Kipelovo (the base that currently hosts the Russian Naval Aviation Tu-142s). Starting from 1963-1964 as many as 53 Soviet Tu-95RTs performed the tasks of detecting carrier groups in the oceans, and the Soviet 392 ODRAP (separate long-range reconnaissance aviation regiment) was responsible for the Atlantic region. Aircraft were based other than Russia, in Cuba, in Guinea and Angola. Most of the known photos with Tu-95 intercepts are Tu-95RTs belonging to the 392th squadron.

Thanks to Dmitriy Ermolin and the FB page dedicated to Kipelovo airbase he administers, we are able to see the NATO interceptors dispatched to identify and escort the Soviet Bear-D aircraft during their long-range missions (the very same the Bear variants continue to fly nowadays) as seen from the cockpit of the Bears.

“My father served in Kipelovo, was the chief of staff of the maintenance unit,” Dmitriy told us in a message. “I spent my childhood in Kipelovo with everyday sounds of Bear’s NK-12 engines. I’m not a military man. I’m an economist, PhD in economics (Russian equivalent).” The quality of the images Ermolin was able to collect is impressive. They are all B/W, mainly taken in 1970s, and show U.S. Navy F-4 Phantoms, F-14 Tomcats and also P-3s, USAF F-4s based in Iceland, RAF Phantom GR.1s, and also RNoAF F-104s.

Take a look.

USN F-4J ‘103-AG’ of VF-102 escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP (Kipelovo AFB) during its reconnaissance flight of USS Independence (CV-62). Circa 1971-72. The photo was taken by
Boris Melenevskiy (392 ODRAP).
USN Р-3B ‘LC-81’ (BuNo 152761) of VP-8 escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP (Kipelovo AFB) over North Atlantic circa 1979-80. Photo credit to Evgeniy Kalinin (392 ODRAP).
1972. F-4J from VF-84 and USS “Franklin D. Roosevelt” (CV-42) in Atlantic. Photo from Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP. Archive of Dmitriy Filonenko.
F-14A of VF-102 from USS America (CVA-66) over North Sea during Ocean Safari 85. Photo from Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP. The fall of 1985.
F-14A of VF-102 from USS America (CVA-66) over North Sea during Ocean Safari 85. Photo from Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP. The fall of 1985.
RAF Phantom FG.1 XV583 ‘B’ of No. 111 Sqd. (AFB Leuchars) escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP (Kipelovo AFB) over North Atlantic. 1970s. The photo was taken by Tu-95RTs crew. Archive of Evgeniy Kalinin (392 ODRAP).
RAF Phantom FG.1 escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP (Kipelovo AFB) over Northen Atlantic, late 1970s. The photo was taken from tail cabin of Tu-95RTs. Phantom’s WSO is taking a photo of Tu-95RTs. Archive of Evgeniy Kalinin (392 ODRAP)
USN F-4B ‘103’ of VF-14 escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP (Kipelovo AFB) during its reconnaissance flight to USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) that in cruise of 1973, Atlantic. The names on the cockpit: Pilot LCDR John Allen, RIO LTJG Dan Cnopp. Archive of Evgeniy Kalinin (392 ODRAP).
Two USN F-4J of VF-102 escorting Tu-95RTs of 392 ODRAP during its reconnaissance flight of USS Independence (CV-62). Circa 1974-75. The photo was taken by Boris Melenevskiy (392 ODRAP).
24 July 1978. Interception of Tu-142 76 OPLAP (Kipelovo AFB) of crew of Alexander Tsvetkov by the RNoAF F-104G of 331 squadron (Bodo AFB). Archieve of Victor Kibalnik.

Now, take a look at the following photo (the same at the top of this article, just rotated): it shows the WSO of a U.S. Air Force F-4E of 57th FIS (NAS Keflavik) taking photo of Tu-142 of 76 OPLAP (Kipelovo AFB).

WSO of F-4E of 57th FIS is taking photo of Tu-142 of 76 OPLAP (Kipelovo AFB).

It reminds one of the most famous scenes of Top Gun, when “Goose” takes a photo of the MiG-28 while “Maverick” is flying his F-14 inverted over the Soviet jet. While the Phantom in this case was not inverted, the photo is interesting because it shows how close the F-4 was flying to the target. To that respect, these Cold War shots somehow prove that “what passes for dangerous and provocative today was ho-hum to recon crews of my generation (although we weren’t shot at like the early fliers from 1950-1960),” as a former RC-135 aircraft commander who flew the S, U, V, W, and X models once told us.

Indeed, as you will probably remember, on May 26, 2020, a P-8A Poseidon flying off Syria was shadowed for 65 minutes by two Russian Su-35s that performed an “unprofessional” intercept on the U.S. Navy ISR (Intelligence Surveillance Reconnaissance) aircraft. This incident was just the last one in a long series of interactions determined to be “unsafe” or “unprofressional” by the U.S. military, that has not only complained about the “stunts” or “aggressive maneuvers” carried out by the Russian pilots in the vicinity of the American spyplanes, but has often released photographs or videos of the dangerous intercepts to prove the point.

In some cases, the evidences provided were far from being definitive and rarely showed anything really dangerous. Commenting the footage of the Su-35s intercepting the Poseidon aircraft off Syria, here’s what a retired U.S. Navy fighter pilot wrote in a comment:

“I have flown countless intercepts like this. The film clips do NOT show unprofessional conduct. The fighter is in what is called “parade” position, similar to that flown by fighter pilots throughout the world every day. He displays no adverse closure, does not cross the nose of the P8, and does not ‘saddle up’ into a threatening aft-trail as he would to shoot. The stills are inconclusive because we don’t know the focal-length of the lens. A picture from a 200mm lens would appear much closer than that w a 35mm lens. I must tell you that intercepts like this have been going on for years; from both sides.”

Moreover, back in the days, some “stunts” were performed at the request of the intercepted aircraft….

Anyway, you can find more photos of the NATO fighters intercepting Soviet aircraft here or here.

A big thank you to Dmitriy Ermolin for allowing us to publish the images you can find in this story. Make sure you visit the Facebook Page he administers: Авиабаза Кипелово.

About David Cenciotti 4091 Articles
David Cenciotti is a freelance journalist based in Rome, Italy. He is the Founder and Editor of “The Aviationist”, one of the world’s most famous and read military aviation blogs. Since 1996, he has written for major worldwide magazines, including Air Forces Monthly, Combat Aircraft, and many others, covering aviation, defense, war, industry, intelligence, crime and cyberwar. He has reported from the U.S., Europe, Australia and Syria, and flown several combat planes with different air forces. He is a former 2nd Lt. of the Italian Air Force, a private pilot and a graduate in Computer Engineering. He has written four books.