How a U.S. Air Force F-15 Eagle shot down an Iraqi Mig-23 Flogger during Desert Storm

Developed at the end of the 1960s to be the best air superiority fighter in the world, the F-15 proved to be a real MiG Killer during the Operation Desert Storm scoring most of the allied aerial victories.

During the Air War over Iraq the mighty Eagle proved also to be a very robust airframe, bringing back its pilots also after suffering serious damages.

After the first ten days of the first Gulf Air War, to avoid the destruction of their air force, Iraqis flew their aircraft to Iran and to prevent this “exodus” the U.S. Air Force was forced to establish a permanent BARCAP (BARrier Combat Air Patrol) whose aim was to protect the zone between the Iraq and Iran borders, 24 hours in each day of the week.

The task to fly these missions was given to the F-15s flights: each of them was composed by four airplanes which covered a six hour window before being replaced by the following four ship of Eagles.

On Jan. 28, 1991 one of this BARCAP was flown by four F-15s belonging to the “Wolfhounds” of the 32nd TFS (Tactical Fighter Squadron) from Soesterberg, deployed to Incirlik Air Base in Turkey.  Capt. Don “Muddy” Watrous piloted the Eagle number four of the formation. It was in the midst of their air refueling that the AWACS contacted them to tell that four bandits were airborne: the flight completed the refuel and headed towards the enemy aircraft.

As the four ship approached the bandits it became clear that “Muddy” and the number three of the formation, “Bagwan” Baughan were the lead in the engagement: due to “Bagwan” F-15 radar breakdown, the clearance to engage was confirmed to “Muddy”.

So the F-15s approached the bandits, which were flying in a line abreast formation and had entered in the Sparrows shot range:  Watrous locked the nearest and fired its first AIM-7, followed, five seconds later, by another one. But both missiles missed the target.

At this point the F-15s were above the bandits and “Muddy” saw them under its Eagle: he nosed over and simultaneously jettisoned its three tanks still full of fuel: the reduced weight produced a great jolt followed by an instantaneous acceleration at supersonic speed.

Thanks to the speed he had achieved “Muddy” was close enough to lock again the nearest bandit and fire the third Sparrow; once again the missile missed the enemy aircraft, so Watrous fired its last AIM-7 and finally the Sparrow hit the bandit which lost its right wing and crashed on the ground inverted, leaving no time to the pilot to start the ejection sequence.

F-15 vs Mig-23

Image credit: U.S. Air Force

“Muddy” had also a good tone on its AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, but the other bandits were outside the IR air-to-air missile range, the F-15 was close enough to Iranian border and at Joker (the fuel level that dictates the end of the mission and the beginning of the recovery). So Watrous formed up with “Bagwan” and it was at this point that he noticed something strange at his left wingtip.

The jettison of the three tanks produced the sudden jolt which broke two feet of the left wingtip, leaving the wire of the position light in the air.

The two F-15s moved to the tanker again since they were low on gas and during the air refueling the boomer took a picture of Muddy’s Eagle without the left wingtip.

Once the tanks were full of fuel again, “Muddy” and “Bagwan” were able to safely return to the base, while the other two F-15s ended the BARCAP:  Watrous had to wait several days before its kill was confirmed and the bandit was identified as a MiG-23 Flogger. This delay was due to the fact that during the explosion of the enemy fighter, “Muddy” was alone and separated from the rest of the flight. But the greater surprise came few months later when he received a package with the picture of its Eagle without the wingtip taken by the boomer, as a reminder of a hard workday.

“Muddy” Watrous aerial victory was the only kill for the  “Wolfhounds”  during Desert Storm, their last major deployment, before being disbanded in January 1994.

Dario Leone for The Aviationist


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  1. here I see a lot of pro-Russian criticizing Chavez Latin recentidos article. the f-15 is an excellent aircraft that has over 100 confirmed kills and certainly none against the f-15 was won wings and not scrap the su-27, su-30 and su-35 which never knocked anything except in years in which they play with Reglass ….. certainly have troy reason Iraqis had experienced pilots due to the war with irann and f-15, f-16 and f-18 you ass kicked and the excuse put the pro-Russian is that Iraq was obsoletaaa tegnology …… hahaha

    • NO! The F15 has claimed kills and not all are verified. There are also a number of claimed kills against F15s. Both are just that, claimed kills.

  2. I’m sory but I can’t seem to understand this statement.
    “Muddy” had also a good tone on its AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, but the other bandits were outside the IR air-to-air missile range.”
    So what if there are others out of range, why didn’t he shoot the one that was within range?

  3. It is a well known fact how Indian AF whipped Pakistani AF equipped with State-of-the-Art Starfighters using its subsonic Gnats. Not to mention how a group of Indian Soldiers on Jeeps knocked down an entire armoured division of the State-of-the-Art Patton Tanks in the same war (1971). I don’t think victories against moslem nations should count as victories at all. They are no indication of weapon superiority.

    If moslem nations often resort to terrorism, it is not because they are evil, its just because they fare poorly in the battlefield. They can only win against civilians.

  4. What caused the first three AIM-7 to miss ?? Is it MiG-23 hard maneuvre ? Is it the MiG-23 deploying chaff ? Or the Radar or missiles where bad ?!!

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