Turkish Phantom shot down by Syria saga continues as new details about the mysterious shooting emerge

Jun 27 2012 - 8 Comments
By Richard Clements

On Jun. 26, NATO held a meeting of its 28 members at the request of Turkey under article 4 of the Washington treaty following the downing of the Turkish Air Force RF-4E Phantom by a Syrian Air Defense battery on Jun.22.

After the meeting NATO released the following statement:

The North Atlantic Council has met at Turkey’s request to hold consultations within the framework of Article 4 of the Washington Treaty which states that “the Parties will consult whenever, in the opinion of any of them, the territorial integrity, political independence, or security of any of the Parties is threatened.”

The North Atlantic Council discussed the shooting down of a Turkish aircraft by Syria. We consider this act to be unacceptable and condemn it in the strongest terms. It is another example of the Syrian authorities’ disregard for international norms, peace and security, and human life.

Our thoughts at this difficult time are with the missing  Turkish aircrew, their families and their loved ones. We continue to follow the situation closely and with great concern, and will remain seized of developments on the South-Eastern border of NATO.

The security of the Alliance is indivisible. We stand together with Turkey in the spirit of strong solidarity.

The New York Times ran an article (later picked up elsewhere) that included a scan of a letter sent from Turkey to the UN.

The letter includes several details that provide a clear view of the Turkish version of the episode.

Firstly the exact position of where the Phantom was hit: 35 48.22N – 35 32.21E which is 13NM from the coast of Syria and therefore in international airspace. This means the aircraft had violated the Syrian airspace but, according to the Turkish authorities, it had already left it when it was shot down at 11.58 local time.

Secondly according to the text of the letter, was flying at 7,400 feet on its own (not part of a pair) and after being hit turned towards the Syrian coast and hit the sea at 35 48.26N – 35 37.59E some 8NM from the coast.

Again the letter states the plane was transmitting its IFF (indentification, friend or foe) transponder and that Turkey has captured radio communications that demonstrates Syrian units knew this was a Turkish plane. The letter also alluded that Turkey may have proof from third party radar stations that could have recorded the route flown by the combat plane.

Noteworthy, the letter does not say that the RF-4ETM (this is the correct designation) was downed by a missile. However, if it was really flying so far from the coast (13 NM) and at medium altitude (7,400 ft), it could not be reached by anti-aircraft artillery flak.

Moreover, the letter confirmed that a search and rescue asset was fired upon whilst searching for the downed aircrew: it was a CASA (thought to be a CN-235) aircraft targeted by anti-aircraft artillery positioned on the Syrian shore.

Letter aside, new details about the mysterious Turkish activity near the Syrian territorial waters have emerged.

As said the aircraft was flying a preplanned route which included several similar patterns (this being one of the few things both parties agree on).

According to the data released by Turkey here’s how the airspace violation developed:

11.42LT: the aircraft “unintentionally” entered the Syrian airspace at 200 feet with a North East heading

11.44LT: a Turkish radar station (most probably the one providing assistance to the flight) issued an airspace violation warning

11.47LT: after turning left (and coming extremely close to the Syrian coast) the RF-4 exited the Syrian airspace

11.50LT: the pilot contacted the Turkish radar to inform it that they would have performed the same profile and asking for positive radar control not to repeat airspace violation.

11.58LT: the Phantom was hit while it was repositioning for a second pattern

Although it is extremely weird that the Syrian air defense shot down the Phantom 15 minutes after it violated the Syrian airspace (according to the Turkish version), it is at least as suspect that a combat plane flying under positive radio and radar contact, possibly under radar control or advisory service, violates a foreign airspace without being warned by its own air traffic control agency well before the violation occurs.

Written with The Aviationist’s Editor David Cenciotti

Image credit: Giovanni Colla

  • Ano N. Ymous

    Is it possible that the F-4 could have been hit by light AAA, such as 12.7mm machine guns or similar, when it passed close to shore, and have suffered damage that would not immediately light off any warnings in the cockpit, but led to a critical failure some time later when the plane was back in international airspace? It must be pretty low probability, but could explain the disparity between the Syrian and Turkish positions without anyone having to lie.

    • http://theaviationist.com/ David Cenciotti

      Possible but unlikely: if I were hit in enemy airspace with a ne heading I’d procede towards a friendly airbase. I’d not head back or towards Syria.

  • http://portail-aviation.blogspot.fr/ bruno

    for me, correct me if i’m wrong, the fact that de plane has crashed into international whater is not a proof that it was fired after the plane leave syrian airspace.
    It’s possible that the plane could be hit by a gun, and continue few miles before crash, no ?

    sorry for my approximative english.

    • http://theaviationist.com/ David Cenciotti

      Yes it is possible.

  • http://legiero.blog.hu Zord Gábor László

    And there was no modernized nav system onboard the Phantom, which would make its crew aware of its position several times more accurately compared to any outside ATC/surv radar station….

    C’mon.

    Zord

    Ps: You may know what the ongoing court proceedings against several Turkish generals is about. They wanted to provoke an air incident with Greece, and coup Erdogan for the weak response.

    http://www.todayszaman.com/columnist-284587-is-turkey-itching-for-war-with-syria.html

    Maybe they succeded this time, only in Syria…

  • EricDL

    This shooting doesn’t feel right at all right from the start. It just doesn’t add up. I see only two possibilities:

    1- It was a set-up to gain leverage toward a military action against the Syrian regime (possible) and some happy trigger morons shoot down this Phantom.

    2- The Turkish air-force really screwed-up and displayed really poor airmanship (less possible).

  • Wild Bill

    If the Turkish F-4 was flying at 200 feet I wonder if they were actually on the radar. Was the radar control airborne or ground radar? What altitude were they at when entering the rece pattern?

  • Bilgehan

    Hello,

    I noticed this on Mitch Williamson’s War and Game.

    The Turkish daily Radikal (The Radical) ran a story on July 9th based on information supplied by a retired F4 technician (specialty life support equipment) with 26 years experience.

    – The first thing mentioned is the fact that, so far, neither the Turkish side, nor NATO documents have made reference to any electronic warfare recognition signal in the breakdown of events leading up to the loss of the plane. A missile is usually detected before impact and aircraft radar issue visual and audio warning signals to kickstart a process of automatic and manual countermeasures deployment.

    – In the photos supplied by the Turkish military after the wreckage of the plane was located, the engine can be seen with yellow canvas (the parachute) wrapped around it. If there was a missile impact, the chances for a parachute deployment seems slim. Moreover, missiles tend to hone in on the exhausts so any missile impact would have resulted in a fire where the parachute would have very little chances of surviving undamaged, if not burning and disintegrating completely.

    Technically, the parachute is deployed when the plane is in a downward spiral and out of control. The retired Turkish technician stated that the photos he saw reminded him of a possible mechanical breakdown scenario – which is not uncommon amongst Turkish F4s – rather than any hostile action.

    – The photos supplied by the Turkish military contain images of intact survival kits, ejection seat, and back straps. Moreover, the pilots’ boots and caps seem to be in intact. Even the name of pilot, written by pen inside the cap is clearly visible. Any traumatic impact would have caused contained damage related to pressure and/or fire, but all the signs from the debris point towards a strong possibility of an ejection attempt.

    It seems the missile impact scenario needs more proof against those who question the information supplied by the Turkish and NATO authorities.